Focused on creating strong emotional bonds between parents and children through responsiveness and physical closeness.
Combines warmth and discipline, emphasizing clear rules and open communication.
Characterized by a lenient and indulgent approach with few rules and high freedom.
Involves constant hovering and over-involvement in a child's life, often to their detriment.
Encourages independence by allowing children to explore and learn from experiences with minimal adult intervention.
Promotes positive reinforcement and mutual respect to foster a healthy parent-child relationship.
Emphasizes high expectations, strict discipline, and intense involvement in a child's academic and extracurricular pursuits.
Advocates for gentle discipline methods, empathy, and understanding of a child's emotions.
Focuses on reducing the clutter and distractions in a child's life to promote a simpler, more mindful upbringing.
A collaborative approach in which separated or divorced parents work together to raise their children, often involving shared decision-making and responsibilities.