A study conducted by Karolinska Institute has reported that depressed children and teenagers suffer from a higher risk of experiencing premature death and a wide range of illnesses later in life. In this Swedish population-based group study of nearly 1.5 million individuals, 2.5% were diagnosed with depression between ages 5 and 19 years.
However, a total of 1,487,964 participants were followed up from age 5 years through 2013, and data analysis was performed from January 15, 2019, to August 10, 2020. Out of this number, of 1,487,964 individuals, a total of 3,7185 patients had inpatient or outpatient contact for depression. Additionally, individuals with youth depression had higher relative risks for 66 of the 69 somatic diagnoses. Strong associations were observed for certain injuries, especially self-harm in females, sleep disorders, viral hepatitis, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortalities, especially death by intentional self-harm.
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Marica Leone, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Amy Leval, Brian M. D’Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Sarah E. Bergen. Association of youth depression with subsequent somatic diseases and premature death. JAMA Psychiatry, 2020 DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.3786