Research Reveals How The Brain Says “Oops!”

Research Reveals How The Brain Says Oops News

Brain News

Researchers from Cedars-Sinai’s Center for Neural Science and Medicine and the Department of Neurosurgery uncovered the neural signals and pathways associated with performance monitoring, specifically at the moment our brain says oops at errors. The study is published in the journal Science.

Understanding Performance Monitoring

Performance monitoring is a brain signal, a kind of self-generated feedback, that lets a person know he/she is making an error during task performance.

Performance monitoring is of two types, namely, ‘domain general’ and ‘domain specific’. The first type helps us detect errors in any type of task and learn new tasks like driving or swimming. The second type helps us perfect individual skills by detecting specific kinds of mistakes in a task, like realizing that we have chosen the wrong letter in a puzzle.

The Study

The researchers monitored the activity of more than 1000 neurons in the medial frontal cortex of patients with epilepsy while they performed two complex cognitive tests. These include the Stroop task and the Multi-Source Interference Task (MSIT).

The Findings

The results revealed the cognitive flexibility of the brain and how it resolves the fundamental trade-off between task generalization and specialization. It was also found that the brain uses the same group of “error” and “conflict” neurons in the medial frontal cortex for performance feedback in various scenarios for different cognitive functioning.

Towards Interventions

The researchers are enthusiastic that the study can help formulate interventions to correct disorders associated with too much or too little performance monitoring like schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder.

One of the lead researchers, Ueli Rutishauser, remarked, “We believe the mechanistic knowledge we have gained will be critical to perfecting treatments for these devastating psychiatric disorders.”

To Know More Please Refer To

Fu, Z., Beam, D., Chung, J. M., Reed, C. M., Mamelak, A. N., Adolphs, R., & Rutishauser, U. (2022). The geometry of domain-general performance monitoring in the human medial frontal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 376(6593), eabm9922. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abm9922

Up Next

Do Women Prefer Men With Tougher Facial Features? Research Finds

Why Men With Tougher Facial Features Attract More

Psychology News

A team of researchers at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam explored how women, when faced with uncertainty, are attracted to men with tougher facial features. The study is published in the European Journal of Social Psychology.

The Study

The researchers surveyed data from Amazon Mechanical Turk. The participants were instructed to think and write about a situation in which they felt either uncertain or certain about a romantic date.

They were then presented with images of potential dates with either “tender” or “tough” facial attractiveness in a dating


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Couples Working From Home Together Share Family Tasks Equally: Study

Couples Working From Home Together

Psychology News

A team of researchers at Ohio State University explored how couples working from home together approach domestic labor. The study is published in the journal Personnel Psychology.

The Study

The researchers conducted two studies with dual-earning couples working from home in China and Korea, respectively. All participants completed two surveys for 14 consecutive workdays.

Each pair of husband and wife completed questionnaires about their work-from-home status, flexible work schedules, the amount of work and family tasks they completed, work-family conflict,


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Visual Food Cues Affect Our Food Choices: Study Finds

Visual Food Cues Affect Our Food Choices

Psychology News

A team of researchers at Osaka Metropolitan University explored how visual food cues influence our eating behavior. The study is published in PLOS ONE.

The Study

The researchers asked 31 healthy male volunteers to respond to visual food cues or food images in a series of experiments. Their brain activity was recorded and analyzed.

The Findings

The results revealed that visual food cues can affect your eating behavior. Certain food visuals affect food ch


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Victims Of Workplace Bullying Are Highly Likely To Believe In Conspiracy Theories: Study

Workplace Bullying Turns Victims Into Conspiracy Theorists

Psychology News

A team of researchers at the University of Nottingham explored the link between workplace bullying and conspiracy theories. The study is published in the journal Social Psychology.

The Study

The researchers conducted two studies. In the first study, they interviewed 273 victims of bullying about conspiracy beliefs. In the second study, 206 participants were asked to imagine possible experiences of workplace bullying and report their inclination to believe in conspiracy theories.

Participants from both studies completed assessments of


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Does Talking To Strangers Benefit Your Mental Health? Experts Opine.

Does talking to strangers benefit your mental health

Recent research shows that talking to strangers helps your mental health.

Such a tiny practice on a daily basis can help reduce the risks of depression and anxiety.

Social Connection And Mental Health

Human beings are social animals. Studies show that socializing, connecting, and networking with people keep us happier, more confident, mindful, and psychologically resilient. Forging and maintaining social connections have been positively associated with:

Reduced loneliness

READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
The “Madness” Of Love Is Heaven’s Greatest Blessing? How The Film ‘Gone Girl’ Depicts Antisocial Personality Disorder And Psychopathy Stonehearst Asylum: Uncovering the Dark Past of Mental Health Treatments Billy Milligan: The Man With “24” Faces The Boy Who Stayed Awake For 11 Days Straight How Netflix’s “Wednesday” Explores Adolescent Stress And Therapy What Harry Potter Teaches Us About Mental Health? Nocturnal Panic Attacks: What are they & how to recover 10 Best Healthy Foods To Beat The Holiday Blues What Are The Struggles During Holidays & 5 Ways To Prevent It Holiday Depression: 13 Tips To Beat Holiday Blues I am feeling so “behind” in life