Survivors Of Trauma Experience Persistent Grief Years Later, Study Finds

News: New study finds that people who survive a trauma that resulted in the loss of loved ones present symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder that predict complicated grief — a sense of persistent sadness and an inability to cope — years after the trauma.

In the study published by the American Psychological Association, researchers interviewed 275 survivors of a 2011 domestic terrorist attack on Utøya. Of all the participants, 256 lost a close friend, six lost a family member and 13 lost a close friend and a family member/partner. Participants took part in individual, face-to-face interviews with experienced health care personnel thrice: 4-5 months, 14-15 months and 30-32 months after the attack.

The interview questions include post-traumatic stress symptoms, complicated grief reactions such as interference of grief in their daily life, trouble accepting the death of their loved one. The research team found that participants who reported symptoms of PTSD were significantly more likely to report symptoms of complicated grief as well. But, complicated grief did not predict the development of PTSD.

“Our findings suggest that when treating trauma survivors, targeting symptoms of PTSD early might help them avoid complicated grief later on,” said Kristin Alve Glad, PhD, a researcher at the Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies and lead author of the study.

The severe effects of terrorist attack on survivors were not only due to the loss of a loved one but direct exposure to the attack as well. This dual burden of the unexpected loss and the survivor’s high exposure to trauma may result in a different trajectory of PTSD symptoms and complicated grief than for bereaved who are not directly exposed to the trauma.

To Know More You May Refer To:

Glad, K. A., Stensland, S., Czajkowski, N. O., Boelen, P. A., & Dyb, G. (2021). The longitudinal association between symptoms of posttraumatic stress and complicated grief: A random intercepts cross-lag analysis. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0001087

Up Next

Lucid Dying: Patients Recall Near-Death Experiences During CPR

Lucid Dying

Science News

A research team at NYU Grossman School of Medicine explored the unique phenomenon of CPR-related “lucid dying” experiences. The study was presented in the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions of 2022.

The Study

The researchers examined 567 men and women from 25 hospitals in the US and the UK, who had CPR and other resuscitation methods used on them after cardiac arrest.

The participants were asked to recall death experiences and recordings of their hidden brain activity were also made. The results were then tallied with the testimonies of 126 community survivors of cardiac arrest with se


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Did You Know Breathing Shapes Our Brain And Mental Health?

Breathing Shapes Our Brain And Mental Health

Brain News

A team of researchers at Aarhus University provided insights into how breathing shapes our brains and impacts our mental health. The study is published in the journal Psychological Review.

The Study

The researchers conducted a series of experiments using a combination of human and animal neuroimaging. They also reviewed previously conducted research on the respiration-brain interaction and the calming effect of breathing on the brain.

They examined how the act of breathing exerts a rhythmic influence on neural oscillations, thereby promoting healthy perception, emotional regulation, and cognition.


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Long-Term Effects of Childhood Traumas: Study Finds

Long-Term Effects of Childhood Traumas

Mental Health News

A team of researchers at the Desert Research Institute, in the US, explored the long-term health risks of childhood traumas. The study is published in the journal Frontiers in Psychiatry.

The Study

The researchers surveyed more than 16,000 people from the Reno area in Nevada as part of the Healthy Nevada Project. The participants answered questions about their social environments and experiences during their childhood and adolescent years. These included information about emotional, physical, or sexual mistreatment, parental neglect, and substance abuse in the household.

The survey data wa


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

Research Shows The Power Of Thank You In A Marriage

The Power Of Thank You For Couples

Psychology News

A team of researchers at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, explored the power of Thank You! in couple relationships. The study is published in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.

The Study

In order to understand how does relational gratitude protect couples, the researchers studied 316 middle-aged African American couples in rural Georgia for over 15 months.

The participants completed assessments about conflict resolution, perceived gratitude, expressions of gratitude, financial strain, perceived levels of relationship satisfaction, and perceived levels of relations


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
Up Next

How To Improve Mental Health: Just Ensure You Fulfill These 3 Criteria

How To Improve Mental Health

Research is looking into easy ways when it comes to how to improve mental health.

A good relationship, passion, and a healthy exercise regime have cropped up as considered factors to improve mental health.

Experts have confirmed the benefits of certain influential factors on mental health. A recent spate of studies explored the positive link between fulfilling relationships, passion, adequate exercise, and sound mental well-being.

3 Steps To Improve Mental Health

Relationships


READ FULL ARTICLE ⇲
7 Frustrating Things About Living With BPD Black Friday: Is It Triggering Impulsive Buying? The Healing Power Of Music Therapy This Is Not Autism Method Acting And How Its Psychological Toll Runs Deep What You Want To Hear And What You Need To Hear Matthew Perry Opens Up About His Tough Struggle With Addiction What Are The Manipulation Techniques? 5 Honest Parenting Truths For You To Save Do Horror Movies Negatively Impact Our Mental Health? 7 Ways To Overcome Sleeplessness Signs of Depression in Men, Women, and Teens